Robert Michael Dulaney

As Interviewed by Aidan Dulaney
"The violence of those years and the 50s had to do more with the younger people being very very much opposed to the war effort in Korea and Vietnam, and the Haight-Ashbury rise more had to do with people in poverty rather than race."
Read Interview

James C. Harrington

As interviewed by Leroy Torres
"It's very important in our lives that we understand that our personal day-to-day relationships- about how we live our lives, and how we help people, encourage people, and sometimes correct people, is very important."
Read Interview

Jimmy D. Roberts

As Interviewed by Nate R.
"[When I was a kid] I wanted to go sit on the backseat [of the bus] and my mother told me I couldn’t do that because that was where the blacks sat, and that was for them. And it just didn’t make sense to me and she said it’s not right but that’s the way it is."
Read Interview

Raul DelFierro

As interviewed by Aidan C.
"It's so open here."
Read Interview

Dr. Rudy Lombard

As Interviewed by Emma C.
"Well, in the early stages of the (civil rights) movement, I used to pick him (Dr. Martin Luther King) up at the airport, before they had bodyguards."
Read Interview

Maria Wood

As Interviewed by Linus Wood
"I had only read about it in papers, but it was a totally different way when you actually are faced with it. It becomes much more serious – I just didn’t really imagine it was going to be this bad."
Read Interview

Delano Pruner

As Interviewed by Bryton Calder
"It was just a soul-searching thing with me. I didn’t think it was right. I am very good at putting the shoe on the other foot – and I knew that if I was in that position, I wouldn’t like it a bit."
Read Interview

Bahaa Ghobrial

As Interviewed by Kari Siegenthaler
"During the revolution we were Muslims and Christians protesting together. The religion thing is a card that leaders play with in order to divide people to different groups so they can control them. "
Read Interview

Socorro Rosiles

As Interviewed by Anisah A.
"I worked hard to make sure everyone behaved. And finally everyone was together. Everyone was equal."
Read Interview

Vonnye Rice Gardner

As Interviewed by AJ Marks
"To know that things can change and the heart of man can change – that’s what’s important."
Read Interview

J.P.

As Interviewed by Dylan R.
"...You need to educate the children to treat everyone fairly, and to be kind to one another, and not single people out because of their skin color, or their religion, or their way of life, or anything of that sort."
Read Interview

Alex Amponsah

As Interviewed by Corbin Schmeil
"They were saying stuff like, ‘I can’t believe they followed us around the store! That’s so messed up! They thought that just because I was white that I was going to steal something?’ I looked at them, and I just laughed. I said, ‘I feel your pain.’"
Read Interview

Mark Salmenson

As Interviewed by Andrew S.
"As a child you didn't know why children three or four houses down the street wouldn't play with you. It just didn't make sense."
Read Interview

Luci Baines Johnson

As Interviewed by Marcella Cannatti
"Whether you were liberal or conservative, whether you were black or white, whether you were old or young – the assessment in our country would ultimately be that this piece of legislation had changed it for the better."
Read Interview

Ami Vaidya

As Interviewed by Sahil V.
"The biggest hardships were probably racism. I would always have to be conscious if I saw someone with a crew cut or looked like a skinhead, to walk on the other side of the road. My heart would pump a little bit faster, and I would be prepared to run, or fight. I would always have to be more vigilant about my surroundings. A hardship in the UK was just living, making sure you’re not at the wrong place at the wrong time. "
Read Interview

Dale Bulla

As Interviewed by Ayush Bhansali
"I called Washington DC, talked to the head of our National Education Association, who was an expert on federal law. Within one week, we had full-day kindergarten for all the kids."
Read Interview

Roshan Ahuja

As Interviewed by Ojas Ahuja
"Even though there are different languages in India, different religions, we are one."
Read Interview

Paul B.

As Interviewed by Isaac M.
"I felt there was something wrong with it [the racist society] although you know you're living in that society and you grow up with just being with all the White people, so in some cases when you're very young you don’t think about it a lot."
Read Interview

Geneva N.

As Interviewed by Jacob N.
"Since I couldn’t run that fast my brother, Gus would stay behind with me, even though he knew that we were both going to get beat up. He didn’t want to leave me by myself, and I will always remember and appreciate that."
Read Interview

M.N.

As Interviewed by E.N.
"Johnson O’Malley is a name that came from the Johnson O’Malley Act. It was designed to create federal aid systems for Native American tribes who experienced problems associated with poverty and dominant culture pressures dealing with having their tribal lands taken from them and being moved to reservations as part of the expansion of our population."
Read Interview

Harry W.

As Interviewed by William W.
"I used to go to Hebrew school and on the way home from Hebrew school, there was always kids and small gangs and groups that would taunt us and try to lure us into fighting with them."
Read Interview

Neel Mehta

As Interviewed by Pranathi B.
"You could see you were treated a little different... [Indians] were always looked as inferior to the whites. We had to work quite hard to prove ourselves."
Read Interview

Morgan Caruthers

As Interviewed by Ella Carlander
"I genuinely believe that they will forever be impacted and hopefully impact the world through this experience. "
Read Interview

Frank Estrada

As interviewed by Eleanor E.
"Nobody wanted to go to Vietnam, because they knew that if they went, they wouldn’t come back."
Read Interview

Khurshid Anwar Arfi

As Interviewed by Ezan Arfi
"Now we know those who used to discriminate [against] us – they realized it is not good and every human is equal. They realized that social segregation is not the way to go, so the segregation has almost gone."
Read Interview

Gonzalo Garza

As Interviewed by Hunter Kordes
"I don't think God wanted me to be a cotton picker all my life..."
Read Interview

Gary Orfield

As interviewed by Daniel Kauffman
"Well I have been threatened many times. Gotten lots of strange letters. The Ku Klux Klan used to write to me when I was starting out. But I have never felt scared."
Read Interview

Morris Kaplan

As Interviewed by Alex Cohan
"Growing up there, I sort of accepted that as this is just the way things were."
Read Interview

Nan Clayton

As Interviewed by Emily Robinett
"You can't like everyone, but you have to have a reason to dislike them."
Read Interview

Father David Eckley

As Interviewed by Leni Milliken
"...you have an opportunity for life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. I held that very, very – and still do even to this day as a priest; I reinterpret it theologically, but I think even then, I would interpret with a sense that that was a right that all of us, regardless of color, or regardless of economic status, regardless of whether we were immigrants or not, we had this right."
Read Interview

Ms. Barbara Walls

As Interviewed by Colin Pope
"It wasn’t until I got older that I realized that segregation was probably not a good thing, that there needed to be a change."
Read Interview

Margaret Prewitt Redden

As Interview by Jack Switzer
"I don't remember race being discussed around our ears, but I'm sure my parents talked about it. Adults never really talk about the really interesting stuff with kids around."
Read Interview

John Guyton

As Interviewed by Noah Shimizu
"When you went to football games, you look up in the stands and everybody was black. But we knew that was a way of life."
Read Interview

Gary Hartman

As Interviewed Chet Fagerstrom
"I think as much as anything else, for the millions of white Americans at that time who were segregated from black Americans, and would see black Americans from a distance, suddenly, they have people like Sammy Davis Jr. or other black entertainers figuratively in their living rooms every night on TV or on the radio. And I think that’s a way that indirectly helped advance the civil rights movement."
Read Interview

Elaine S. Holton

As Interviewed by Sara B.
"I think from a business point of view, there are a lot of African-Americans moving to Austin who are wanting to start businesses. There are just a lot more professionals, young professionals specifically, coming into Austin. I feel that’s where we’re starting to grow as a city, and as a culture, and as a race."
Read Interview

Sarah Wheat

As Interviewed by Clarissa Bird
"To me, civil rights means equality. It means people should all have access to the same things."
Read Interview

Miriam Singer Breyer

As Interviewed by Emma Seaborn
"You can't do everything, but don't let not being able to do everything prevent you from doing something."
Read Interview

Steve Coyle

As Interviewed by Mia Crockett
"I believe it was 1963 when someone went up to the Supreme Court and argued schools were just as segregated in the North as schools in the South. This was not officially recognized, and no one did anything about it."
Read Interview

Donald F.

As Interviewed by Jack F.
"She was one of the best people I've ever met."
Read Interview

L.R. Mahmood

Shazil A.
"Racism is a social evil, which is based on discrimination, coming out from color, race, and this type of other distinctive features."
Read Interview

Robert Notzon

As Interviewed by Ulan N.
"I’ll never know what it’s like to actually live in their shoes, but given that I've done this for 16 years I'm pretty good at understanding and having heard what happened what it makes them feel like and how discrimination has occurred and how its hidden and how its lied about."
Read Interview

Wanda Nelson

As Interviewed by Abhi Dhir
"The cycle was, you were born on the plantation, owned by the plantation, you work all your life, and when you have children, the same thing happens to them."
Read Interview

William Tien

As Interviewed by Dessie Tien
"So we had to stay up the whole night just to make sure they didn't come and burn down our house."
Read Interview

Steven Dietz

As Interviewed By Ben Wade
"I can't feed Africa, but I can feed this one kid. I can clothe this one kid and I can take care of this one kid."
Read Interview

Charlene Fitzgerald

As Interviewed by Sam DiCarlo
"The parents cause a lot of trouble. That is what I really think deep down in my heart. I think my mother was wrong."
Read Interview

Trevor Romain

As Interviewed by Asher Eaton
"Her concern was me getting home safe, not her being arrested. And that stayed with me for a long time."
Read Interview

Ruth Presnal

As Interviewed By J.B.
"There was an opera girl singer at the University of Texas, beautiful voice, and she was black, and they put her in an opera with a white man in the Romeo and Juliet or something like that, and the legislature passed a law saying that she couldn’t perform in the opera with white man out there."
Read Interview

Renee Linklater

As Interviewed by Eva Legge
"I was taken from my mother when I was four months old."
Read Interview

Chester Watson

Destin Watson
"One of the things the Japs would throw up in our face is that you’re over here fighting, and trying to kill me, when back there you can’t ride on the same bus; but you didn’t worry about that. To you, that was the way of life, because that’s what was."
Read Interview

Doyle Wagner

As Interviewed by W.Y.
"Fans, they get on everybody, they call you all kinds of names regardless of who you are. But they did pick on, or some of them, you know, some racist type people, would pick on them, that’s for sure. But everybody got called all kinds of names."
Read Interview

Ethel Brewster-Ponson

As Interviewed by Christian B
"I found out that they were just more curious about me than I was about them. They wanted to know, “Oh! Your skin! The color doesn’t come off!” I was shocked to hear someone say that. I was washing my face, I was in the bathroom, and everybody had sinks lined up against the wall, and they watched."
Read Interview

Cynthia Sanders

As Interviewed by Ayden Gonzalez
"There was so much discrimination. Back then you were discriminated against if you were a girl. You were discriminated against if you wore a beard. You were discriminated against if you werr Hispanic; if you were, okay, if you were black – there was discrimination everywhere. That's why there was so much unrest back then."
Read Interview

John Gonzales

As Interviewed by Brayan D.
"I thought it was a real American tragedy. He was a man – not a perfect man, but he was a man that was trying to do what was best for him and his people."
Read Interview

Phillip Farrington

As Interviewed by David Woolley
"Well I think that there has been a steady precession of improvement in the circumstances for the black community, so that people; blacks, can now attend almost any school that they choose and can qualify for. They can serve for all kinds of positions including elective office, a very significant professional position including doctors or lawyers, and officers in big companies."
Read Interview

Melissa Wann

As interviewed by Kyle
"It seemed to be a very angry time."
Read Interview

R. Wolf

As Interviewed by I. M.
"Instead of sending me to the nurse, she sent me to the office for speaking Spanish."
Read Interview

Isaac Harrington

As Interviewed by Ben N.
"The biggest problem with domestic violence is that if you grow up with it around you or happening to you, then you become almost prone to domestic violence. You start to think it’s normal"
Read Interview

Ruthann Rushing

As Interviewed by Sara Millan
"My mother was on the school board at the time, and she helped to shape the integration of the schools in Austin."
Read Interview

Fidel Gonzalez

Oscar Hernandez
"Man has to open its conscious and see everyone by themselves without color and religion or their beliefs being important."
Read Interview

Bill Bellman

As Interviewed by Will Vega
"Just imagine yourself going down to downtown Austin, riding in an open-air Jeep, not knowing that at any moment someone could shoot you out of one of the buildings."
Read Interview

Galia Harrington

As Interviewed by Kate K.
"If one person is discriminated against, we all are. And I don't want to go around feeling blue, and so what I do is I try to do a little something about it."
Read Interview

Merle Orelove

As Interviewed by Lia W.
"My heart was pounding. I thought 'Oh no, more prejudice, more antisemitism, here it comes.'"
Read Interview

Srivatsa Kundalgurki

As Interviewed by Prerna K.
"The realization came down upon me was that one's destiny was being decided at birth and it did not matter how hard you studied or how smart you were."
Read Interview

Hermann Vigil

As interviewed by Clara R.
"When I graduated from college, I went to rent an apartment in Los Angeles, and I saw the ad, and I went there and the lady said, ‘No we don’t rent to Mexicans.’"
Read Interview

Raul A.

As Interviewed by Amber A.
"When I was about 16, I started coming over here across the border, and I got deported twice, where I got put in a detention for about two to three days only. Then they would let me go back to Mexico. This didn’t stop me. I really wanted to come over to the United States because life was pretty rough, and when I was working hard in the field. I got paid really nothing, so I just kept on trying."
Read Interview

Jogi Bhagat

As Interviewed by Mihir Kamble
"It's a matter of justice. I think justice has not been done to these poor people."
Read Interview

Sirish Vavilla

As Interviewed by Chaitanya Aduru
"Over a period of time, the caste system's meaning has been wrongly understood."
Read Interview

Dr. Robert Garraty

as Interviewed by Max Stein
"I think we've made great strides. Just the fact that we have a African-American president means a lot, but I do believe there is still racism in this country."
Read Interview

Soroush Azadi

As Interviewed by Sierra Guequierre
"My parents decided that instead of sending another child away, they would uproot their entire lives and try to take a risk and see if they could allow their kids an opportunity to be educated..."
Read Interview

John A. Loewen

As Interviewed by Will Loewen
"When we moved to Mississippi in 1966, in the next county, there were three people murdered and buried in a pond dam for Civil Rights activities, and I don’t think they were all black. I think there were some white Civil Rights workers; young people from the north that were killed. And that was right in the next county where we were living. "
Read Interview

Gillian Davis

As Interviewed by Anna Davis
"We used to wear blinders. we didn't know what was going on, and we didn't stop to ask."
Read Interview

Rita Rowan

As Interviewed by Aubrey R.
"There’s supposed be 631 good deeds you do every day. But if you can do a few of those that help repair the world – that’s a good thing, and so the focus was always to heal the world, to repair the world."
Read Interview

C. L. Wright

As Interviewd by Lydia J.
"I think it comes from a place of fear; 'What will happen if we do? Will something change in a way that will hurt us?'"
Read Interview

Sue Masters

As Interviewed by Ellie Owen
"When I grew up, everybody was mixed with everybody."
Read Interview

Paul Chapa

As Interviewed by Cristian M.
"I don't want people to be ashamed of their race, sex, or ethnicity."
Read Interview

Montserrat Garibay

As Interviewed by Daniel S.
"About eight years ago, my sister and I started an organization for undocumented students and for people who wanted to support the Dream Act here in the University of Texas."
Read Interview

Hal Reames

As Interviewed by Arieus Reames
"Although the school was integrated, and the teams I played on were integrated, the after school parties took place in a building owned by the city, and it was segregated. Nobody down there did anything about it or said anything about it."
Read Interview

Ganeshan Vridhagiri

As Interviewed by Akshara Anand
"People who have got the chance through the Quota System will not do anything for their own people and try to seek their identity with the upper castes."
Read Interview

Jay Zapata

Elysa Naranjo
"Don't say I can't."
Read Interview

Steven Iversen

As Interviewed by Alex McLeod
"I'm no civil rights hero or anything but I did want to stand for what I thought was right and what I believed in."
Read Interview

Karen Gatica

As Interviewed by Ana Gatica
"Eventually, the teacher broke. She started crying, saying she was from California, where she was raised to look down on Hispanics, and then apologized profusely."
Read Interview

Dean Ortega

As Interviewed by Luke Brown
"It wasn't so much the color of our skin although we are brown and it was always pointed out to me as a child."
Read Interview

Charlotte Flynn

As Interviewed by Moonbeam Glasse
"One of the things that Maggie said is that it took the wisdom of the old and the energy of the young to make social action happen. "
Read Interview

Ramu Natrajan

As Interviewed By A. G.
"In India, the philosophy as such tells you that… why the Brahmins are in the heads, the Kshatriyas in the arms and legs, and then the vaishyas in your heart and in your tummy, and the shudras in your feet and legs."
Read Interview

Elizabeth Yeats

As Interviewed by Graham S.
"I distinctly remember sitting there saying “What? Why can’t we take Sandra?” And my mother told me why black people couldn’t sit with white people."
Read Interview

F. Ortiz

As Interviewed by C.B.
"That man slammed the door on his own daughter and said he would never want to meet or associate with a Mexican."
Read Interview

William P. Gardener

As Interviewed by Piper Neulander
"In my head I somehow started connecting that being gay was kind of like being black."
Read Interview

James E. Smith

As Interviewed by Ryan Barner
"I didn’t feel segregated against – I felt that I got to deal with the people that I liked and knew."
Read Interview

Joan Baldauf

As interviewed as Aaron B.
"Suddenly after Hitler came to power, they stopped playing with him, they wouldn't play with him."
Read Interview

Joe S.

As interviewed by Aly C.
"But that’s what kept me there, because they treated me as I would treat anyone. You know, it wasn't just because I was a Mexican and they were all Anglo."
Read Interview